Sunspots and Climate Change

Many climate scientists agree that sunspots and solar wind could be playing a role in climate change, but the vast majority view it as very minimal and attribute Earth’s warming primarily to emissions from industrial activity– and they have thousands of peer-reviewed studies available to back up that claim.

Ironically, the only way to really find out if phenomena like sunspots and solar wind are playing a larger role in climate change than most scientists now believe would be to significantly reduce our carbon emissions. Only in the absence of that potential driver will researchers be able to tell for sure how much impact natural influences have on the Earth’s climate.

Solar wind, according to NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, consists of magnetized plasma flares and in some cases is linked to sunspots. It emanates from the sun and influences galactic rays that may in turn affect atmospheric phenomena on Earth, such as cloud cover. Scientists are the first to admit that they have a lot to learn about phenomena like sunspots and solar wind, some of which is visible to humans on Earth in the form of Aurora Borealis and other far flung interplanetary light shows.

Some skeptics of human-induced climate change blame global warming on natural variations in the sun’s output due to sunspots and/or solar wind. “A rational thinker would understand that, especially if he or she has some understanding of the limits of human influence. The global warming boosters have this unbounded hubris that it is humans who control nature, and that human activity can terminally despoil the planet as well as cause its salvation.”

Sunspots are storms on the sun’s surface that are marked by intense magnetic activity and play host to solar flares and hot gassy ejections from the sun’s corona. Scientists believe that the number of spots on the sun cycles over time, reaching a peak– the so-called Solar Maximum– every 11 years or so.

Peter Foukal of the Massachusetts-based firm Heliophysics, Inc., who has tracked sunspot intensities from different spots around the globe dating back four centuries, also concludes that such solar disturbances have little or no impact on global warming. He adds, most up-to-date climate models– including those used by the United Nations’ prestigious Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)– incorporate the effects of the sun’s variable degree of brightness in their overall calculations.

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New Wyas of Looking at Climate Science

At first glance it’s hard to imagine how the proliferation of human activity upon the environment has been a major factor in climate change given that climate change alone is nothing new. Over two million years the earth’s history has seen enormous changes. In the last ten thousand years the warming and cooling of the earth has been on a larger scale that what we see today.
The right policy has been held at bay partially by having the right knowledge of what’s happening to the climate. The climate changes we see today are the result of only a century and a half of study, peanuts in comparison the huge shifts over the earths history.
The recent UN Climate Change Conference sought to put in place a policy to take over the Kyoto protocol. At its core were some recently publicised results:
The warming trend on the earth’s surface has been taking place since the early part of the twentieth century. The last ten years have been the warmest of that millennium.
There have been rapid signs of melting the Arctic circle. The sea ice there has fallen by around eight percent over thirty years.
The old inconsistency in the data between the temperature rise in the atmosphere and on the planets surface seems to have levelled out. They appear to rise in parallel.
The Scripps Institute of Oceanography in California noted that the ocean has been warming at different depths for over 65 years. These results match the predictions that warming has been induced more by greenhouse gases that as a result of small changes in the suns heat output.
There has been an observed and recorded link between the sea surface temperature and the frequency and intensity of tropical storms, typhoons and hurricanes.
The existing computer models of the change in ocean currents, in particular in the North Atlantic, are correct.
There are however still some unknowns. The solar hypothesis is now known to be a lesser contributor, the miniscule changes in the suns heat output over its eleven year sunspot cycle is adding to the mix. The aerosol emissions from sulphurous fuel promote the formation of clouds, and as a consequence the sunlight reflected from the earths surface increases, effectively opposing the greenhouse gas effect.
Some even argue for the benefits of global warming, which include for example the opening up of new shipping lanes in the artic as the ice recedes, new oil drilling opportunities and longer harvest periods in Canada and Russia.
It seems climate change is inevitable and the small economic ideas such as banning coal subsidies bear little fruit as a means of curbing the problem. More than ever, political will must be demonstrated at first to show to industry and populations that it is even an issue. Perhaps, the will of the politicians must be met with achievable methods from the technological and scientific community.
Professor Socolow is leading the way with what he calls “stabilisation wedges”. On a graph of climate change, the space between the trend line and the stability line is known as the “stabilisation triangle’. By dividing these triangles into wedges and assigning realistic goals to each wedge the massive problem is given a usable and effective solution.
The goals to assign to the wedges range from greater overall efficiencies, the decarbonisation of electricity, fuel displacement by low carbon electricity, methane management, and natural carbon sinks. By further subdividing each wedge into sub wedges, such as decarbonised electricity being subdivided into nuclear power, renewable energy, natural gas as an alternative to coal, and the storage of carbon dioxide– these problems are confounded into what everyone has been looking for. A short list of solutions that together will balance the problem.
The management of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels could be dealt with through further carbon sequestration. The carbon dioxide is extracted at the source and is injected into porous rocks deep underground to prevent it escaping into the atmosphere.
Steam reformation is another technique. It is, in essence, a pre-emptive technique that reacts the fuel used with water to yield hydrogen. The hydrogen output is burnt to create electricity.
Of all the possibilities of reworking and inventing technologies, perhaps the best idea is the oldest idea. Replanting programmes. The idea of photosynthesis to combine carbon dioxide with water and sunlight is a relatively cheap and exponential idea and would be hugely effective.

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Impacts of Climate Change

Ever question how your little carbon impact really influences the big picture of environment adjustment? Though you could seem like your way of life is trivial as compared to points like oil extraction or car exhausts, the selections we make in our daily life– just how we navigate, just what we consume, how we live– play a major role in reducing climate change.

Here’s a checklist of methods you can take part the fight to reduce our carbon footprint. Whether you save it on your desktop computer, share it with buddies, or stick a copy on your fridge (PDF), this quick referral guide breaks down what you can do today to safeguard the earth for future generations.

ake a few mins to call your political agents as well as the media to tell them you want prompt activity on environment modification. Advise them that minimizing greenhouse gas exhausts will certainly also construct healthier areas, stimulate financial innovation and also create new tasks. As well as next time you go to the surveys, elect political leaders that support efficient climate plans.

You currently switch off lights– exactly what’s next? Adjustment light bulbs to small fluorescents or LEDs. Unplug computers, TVs and other electronic devices when not being used. Wash garments in cool or warm (not warm) water. Dryers are power hogs, so hang dry when you can. Set up a programmable thermostat. Look for the Energy Star ® tag when acquiring brand-new appliances. And a house power audit is less expensive than you think– book one today to discover even more means to conserve energy.

Ask your energy to change your account to clean, renewable power, such as from wind farms. If it doesn’t provide this option yet, ask it to.

Get natural as well as locally grown foods. Prevent processed things. Grow several of your personal food. As well as eat short on the food web– a minimum of one meat-free dish a day– since 18 percent of greenhouse gas exhausts originate from meat and also dairy products manufacturing. Food writer Michael Pollan sums it up ideal: “Eat food. Not excessive. Mostly plants.”

Rubbish hidden in land fills creates methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Keep stuff from garbage dumps by composting kitchen scraps and garden trimmings, and also reusing paper, plastic, steel as well as glass. Allow store managers and also manufacturers know you desire items with marginal or recyclable product packaging.

Carbon taxes make contaminating activities extra pricey as well as environment-friendly remedies extra affordable, allowing energy-efficient companies and also families to conserve money. They are one of the most reliable means to reduce Canada’s climate impact. If your province doesn’t have a carbon tax, ask your premier as well as MLA to implement one.

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Trump Pulls US Out of Paris Accord

From Juan Cole’s blog…

“On Thursday, Trump delivered himself of one of the most brain-dead speeches ever given by an American president, more imbecilic even than Bush’s “Mission Accomplished” or Nixon’s “I am not a crook.” He withdrew from the Paris climate accords, saying that he was elected to represent Pittsburgh, not Paris. Trump alleged that he was somehow protecting the United States from dastardly furriners in cancelling the Paris commitment.

Climate change is on a spectrum. We can put up the temperature 3.6 degree Fahrenheit or we can put up the temperature 12 degrees F.

In fact, the US is particularly liable to damage from climate change. Here are the parts of the country he just deeply damaged.

Since Trump made that crack about Pittsburgh, let us begin by considering

1. What Climate Change will do to Pennsylvania:

“Increasing Temperature and Changing Precipitation Rising temperatures and shif ting rainfall patterns are likely to increase the intensity of both floods and droughts. Average annual precipitation in Pennsylvania has increased 5 to 10 per cent in the last century, and precipitation from extremely heavy storms has increased 70 percent in th e Northeast since 1958.”

Trump hasn’t given Pennsylvania more rust belt jobs. He has given it more Johnstown floods.

(The web site cited above is from the old EPA before Big Brother changed History and erased it; it is now hosted at a different server, as though we were a Middle Eastern dictatorship.)

See the rest of the post here

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New EPA Head Appoints Many Climate Change Skeptics

From the New York Times…

WASHINGTON — Days after the Senate confirmed him as administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, Scott Pruitt appeared at the Conservative Political Action Conference and was asked about addressing a group that probably wanted to eliminate his agency.

“I think it’s justified,” he responded, to cheers. “I think people across the country look at the E.P.A. the way they look at the I.R.S.”

In the days since, Mr. Pruitt, a former Oklahoma attorney general who built a career out of suing the agency he now leads, has moved to stock the top offices of the agency with like-minded conservatives — many of them skeptics of climate change and all of them intent on rolling back environmental regulations that they see as overly intrusive and harmful to business.

Read the rest of the article here.

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Trump White House Removes Climate Change Page From Website

It did not take long before the new Trump administration to start making its mark. One of the first changes was to remove the Climate Change page from the White House website. From the LA Times;

“Scientists, environmentalists and other concerned citizens were quick to notice that there is no longer any mention of climate change on the new White House website. ”

“It is not surprising that the Trump administration removed the former president’s policy pages from the White House website. The materials on the website are meant to be statements of the current administration’s policies — not those of their predecessors.

Indeed, President Obama’s team did the same thing when he was first sworn into office. ”

We will have to see what the results of Trump’s American Energy Plan ends up looking like before we can make any further analysis. But the things he ash said before are alarming. See the video below.

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Managing for on-farm #biodiversity can increase resilience to #ClimateChange impacts…

Managing for on-farm #biodiversity can increase resilience to #ClimateChange impacts while reducing #emissions and sequestering #carbon.

Check out Wild Farm Alliance’s valuable but FREE Biodiversity Conservation Guide for #organic farms and certifiers to learn how to make it happen:

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Nicolette Hahn Niman and Michael R. Dimock had a great…

Nicolette Hahn Niman and Michael R. Dimock had a great time on Capital Public Radio’s “Insight” show today with host Beth Ruyak. They talked about the growing power of the food movement as a warm up for tomorrow’s Inaugural Farm Tank Summit. They mentioned Community Alliance with Family Farmers (CAFF), California Climate and Agriculture Network and Slow Food USA during the segment. Listen to this brief but lively segment. You can follow the summit via live stream tomorrow through Farm Tank’s or Barnraiser’s websites. Nicolette and Michael hope you’ll join them!

California Food Policy Council Public Health Institute Occidental Arts & Ecology Center

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We did it!, No you did it!!! ROC surpassed our…

We did it!, No you did it!!! ROC surpassed our $10,000 goal for today! If we keep up the pace we’ll meet our $40K minimum and head for our $65K stretch goal! More on that later. We want to thank the folks who got us here so far. See below the full list of Barnraiser backers. It is becoming the list of superstars from the #goodfoodmovement across the nation! They see the need for more policy action and they are saying YES to a new food and farming system! Please Join them

Alessandra Ghini, Go Strategy Partners, Amelia Moore Union of Concerned Scientists, Andrew S Kanter, MD, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health & Earth Institute, Ann Anderson of Humboldt Food Policy Council, Ben Feldman Ecology Center, Berkeley Food Policy Council & CA Alliance of Farmers Markets, Beth Wyatt Sonoma Wealth Management Group, Slow Food Russian River & LandPaths, Caitlyn Galloway Little City Gardens, Charity Kenyon Slow Food Sacramento & Slow Food USA Policy Committee Chris Robb, Parade Farming Co, Christopher Gardner, Menus of Change, Craig McNamara Sierra Orchards, Founder of Center for Land-Based Learning & President, CA State Board of Food & Agriculture, Daralyn Durie and Ragesh Tangri Durie Tangri LLP, Dawn Perri Changemaker, Debbie Mytels Acterra, Diana Donlon Karlenzig, Center for Food Safety, Dulanie Ellis, Film Maker, Ground Operations, Edie Jessup at Food For People, Eli Zigas, SPUR, Evan Wiig The Farmers Guild, Jacqueline Clemens Winters Farm to School, Jeanne Merrill of California Climate and Agriculture Network, Jileen Russell Puu O Kumau Ranch & Slow Food Hawaii, Judy Schriebman, Changemaker, Julie Cummins, CUESA, Laura Mack at Neighborhood Council Sustainability Alliance, Laura and Larry Martin of Food & Wine Trails, Lawrence Jaffe of Sebastopol Grange, Lilia Smelkova, Food Day, Liz Downey and Sarah Downey of Two Tumbleweeds, Malaika Bishop of Sierra Harvest & Nevada County Food Policy Council, Marie Sayles of Barnraiser, Martin Bourque of Ecology Center & CA Market Match Consortium, Melita Love of Farm to Pantry, Michael O’Gorman of Farmer Veteran Coalition, Navina Moon, Heal Food Alliance, Nick Papadopoulos of Crop Mobster, Owen Dimock & Patsy Dimock, Paul Dolan of Dark Horse Vineyard and Farming Company, Paula Shatkin of Slow Food Russian River & the Gravenstein Apple Presidium, Peter Rogers a Changemaker, Peg Champion of Champion Organic Communications, Renata Brillinger of California Climate & Agriculture Network, Richard Rominger, Rominger Brothers Farms & Former Secretary of CA Dept of Food & Agriculture & Former Deputy Secretary USDA, Ron Pardini, Urban Village Farmers Market Assoc, Ross Stromberg, Farm to Pantry, Sandra J Mardigian Changemaker, Sue Sigler of CA Association of Food Banks, Suzanne Grady of Petaluma Bounty, William Rosenzweig Physic Ventures & the Food Business School

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